In line with the corporation’s mission and goal of reducing dependency on fossil fuels, NTPC has chalked out a road map that envisages an installed capacity of 128 GW by the year 2032 with a well diversified fuel mix comprising 56% coal, 16% gas, 11% nuclear energy, 9% renewable energy and 8% hydro power based capacity.
As such, by the year 2032, 28% of NTPC’s installed generating capacity will be based on carbon free energy sources. Further, the coal based capacity will increasingly be based on high-efficient-low-emission technologies such as Super-critical and Ultra-Super-critical. Along with this growth, NTPC will utilize a strategic mix of options to ensure fuel security for its fleet of power stations.
Opening its doors to opportunities that were coming its way and due to transformations in the business environment, NTPC made changes in its strategy and diversified the business adjacencies along the energy value chain. In its pursuit of diversification NTPC has developed strategic alliances and joint ventures with leading national and international companies.
Hydro Power – Tapping into the vast hydropower resource in the country and the desire to look beyond fossil fuels stimulated NTPC to enter into the hydro power business with the 800 MW Koldam hydro project in Himachal Pradesh. Two more projects have also been taken up in Uttarakhand.
Renewable Power - In order to broad base its fuel mix NTPC has plan of capacity addition of about 1,000 MW through renewable resources, such as solar and wind energy by 2017.
Nuclear Power - It is the fourth-largest source of energy in the country after thermal, hydro electric and renewable sources. A Joint Venture Company "Anushakti Vidhyut Nigam Ltd." has been formed (with 51% stake of NPCIL and 49% stake of NTPC) for the development of nuclear power projects in the country.
Coal Mining - In a major backward integration move to create fuel security, NTPC has ventured into coal mining business with an aim to meet about 20% of its coal requirement from its captive mines by 2017. The Government of India has so far allotted 10 coal blocks to NTPC.
Power Trading - 'NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd.' (NVVN), a wholly owned subsidiary was created for trading power, leading to optimal utilization of NTPC’s assets. It is the second largest power trading company in the country. In order to facilitate power trading in the country, ‘National Power Exchange Ltd.’, a joint venture of NTPC, NHPC, PFC and TCS has been formed for operating a Power Exchange.
Fly Ash Utilisation – NTPC has converted the generation of fly ash into a business opportunity. The ash is used as a raw material by cement companies and brick manufacturers. Therefore, NVVN is engaged in the business of fly ash export and sale to domestic customers. Joint ventures with cement companies are being planned to set up cement grinding units in the vicinity of NTPC stations.
Power Distribution - NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd.’ (NESCL), a wholly owned subsidiary of NTPC, was set up for distribution and supply of power. NESCL is engaged in the ‘Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana’ programme for rural electrification.
Equipment Manufacturing - Enormous growth in power sector necessitates augmentation of power equipment manufacturing capacity. Recognising this as an ideal business opportunity, NTPC has ventured into this sector as well. NTPC has formed JVs with BHEL and Bharat Forge Ltd. for power plant equipment manufacturing. NTPC has also acquired stake in Transformers and Electricals Kerala Ltd. (TELK) for manufacturing and repair of transformers.